:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (Spring 2020) ::
J. Mon. Ec. 2020, 15(2): 221-234 Back to browse issues page
Analyzing the Impact of Fiscal Policy (Income Tax) on Income Distribution in Iran by Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Approach
Hassan Mollaesmaeili Dehshiri 1, Jamshid Pajouyan1, Shamseddin Hosseini2, Farhad Ghaffari1
1- Department of Management and Economics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University
2- Department of Economics, Allameh Tabataba'i University
Abstract:   (423 Views)
Economic justice and equitable distribution of income, along with important issues such as economic growth and development, the reduction of inflation and unemployment, have always been of concern to economists. Fair distribution of income and reduction of income inequality in society, and the identification of factors affecting income inequality to make the right policy are necessary and obvious. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of income tax on income distribution in Iran. In this regard, Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) approach has been used to investigate the existence of a long-run relationship between variables and to estimate the coefficients related to long-run and error correction models for income inequality from 1978 to 2012. The results indicate a long-run relationship among the variables and show that an increase in income tax revenues leads to a reduction in income inequality.
Keywords: Income Distribution, Gini Coefficient, Income Tax, ARDL.
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Type of Study: Original Research - Empirical | Subject: Economics
Received: 15 Oct 2018 | Accepted: 3 Jan 2021 | Published: 3 Apr 2020

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Volume 15, Issue 2 (Spring 2020) Back to browse issues page