Volume 16, Issue 2 (Spring 2021)                   J. Mon. Ec. 2021, 16(2): 187-212 | Back to browse issues page

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Botshekan M H, Takaloo A, H. soureh R, Abdollahi Poor M S. Global Economic Policy Uncertainty (GEPU) and Non-Performing Loans (NPL) in Iran's Banking System: Dynamic Correlation using the DCC-GARCH Approach. J. Mon. Ec. 2021; 16 (2) :187-212
URL: http://jme.mbri.ac.ir/article-1-561-en.html
1- Finance and Banking Department, Management and Accounting Faculty, Allameh Tabataba'i University
2- Management and Accounting Faculty, Allameh Tabataba'i University
Abstract:   (2052 Views)
The aim of this article is to investigate the dynamic correlation between the Global Economic Policy Uncertainty index (GEPU) and Non-Performing Loans (NPL) in Iran. The relationship between economic uncertainty and banking performance indices is significant because of the systemic importance of banks in every economy. We evaluated this relationship in this developing country, especially under economic sanctions. In this study, we used the Dynamic Conditional Correlation Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (DCC-GARCH) to assess the relationship between Global Economic Policy Uncertainty and Non-Performing Loans of Iranian banks using the statistics of these two indicators by R and Eviews programming and statistical software in the period from 2004 to 2021. Our results show that Iranian banks' Non-Performing Loans (NPL) are rather associated with Global Economic Policy Uncertainty (GEPU) during major global shocks such as the global financial crisis in 2008 or the Covid-19 pandemic. However, despite fluctuations in the correlation between Non-Performing Loans and Global Economic Policy Uncertainty over time, this study also illustrates that these correlations in some periods are generally somewhat low that some of the reasons could be the sanctions imposed on Iran's economy and banking system, imposed loans to banks by the government, forced interest rate, etc., which led to a limited connection among Iranian banks and global banking system. To prove this claim we estimate the model for some countries with an open economy, like Japan, Singapore, the US, Turkey, and Spain. The result shows that this correlation is much higher in comparison to Iran.
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Type of Study: Original Research - Empirical | Subject: Monetary Economics
Received: 26 Sep 2021 | Accepted: 7 Feb 2022 | Published: 20 Feb 2022

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